絶景×ラビラビ | 三内丸山遺跡

Zekkei × RABIRABI | Sannai Maruyama Site

9月27日縄文トランスユニットとして広く知られるアーティスト、ラビラビさんを迎え、青森県青森市にある「三内丸山遺跡」で撮影を行いました。縄と矢じりという名称でカメラマンのパートナーと全国各地の縄文遺跡を旅し、ライターとしても広く活躍する草刈 朋子さんに、レポートを書いて頂きました。

On September 27, we welcomed RABIRABI, an artist widely known for the Jomon transformer unit, and took a shoot at the “Sannai Maruyama Site” in Aomori City, Aomori Prefecture. Ms. Tomoko Kusakari, who travels to Jomon archaeological sites all over Japan with a photographer’s partner under the name of Nawa To Yajiri and is widely active as a writer, wrote a report.


What the Jomon culture asks the world


The use of the oldest pottery in Japan is estimated to be about 16,500 years ago due to a small piece of pottery excavated from the Odai Yamamoto Site on the Tsugaru Peninsula, Aomori Prefecture.The period from the use of this pottery to 3000 years before the start of rice cultivation is called the Jomon period.

今、この縄文時代が世界から注目を集めている。魅力としては、やはり1万3000年間を通して作られた土製品の美だろう。アメリカ人の動物学者モース博士によって、「Cord-marked pottery」と名付けられた縄文土器は、今も日本各地で発掘され続けている。それらの土器の表面を飾る文様は、装飾文化の源流をみるような素朴な連続文から、自ら動き出しそうな躍動感あふれるものまで実にさまざまだ。

Now, this Jomon period is attracting attention from all over the world. The attraction is the beauty of earthenware made throughout the 13,000 years. The Jomon pottery, named “Cord-marked pottery” by the American zoologist Dr. Morse, is still being excavated throughout Japan. The patterns that decorate the surface of these pottery vary from simple continuous patterns that look at the origin of decorative culture to those that are full of dynamism that seems to start moving on their own.

A storehouse where a large number of cylindrical pottery excavated from the Sannai Maruyama Site sleeps. At Jiyukan, you can tour the storage through the glass.


The Jomon people who made it are people who hunted, gathered, and fished in the forest and the sea. In some parts of the world, such as Mesopotamia, agriculture and cattle breeding began at about the same time as settling, but they began in earnest in the Japanese archipelago after the Yayoi period. The Jomon people were people who settled down, hunted and gathered, and beautifully decorated their tools in their spare time.
Curiously, there are no traces of massacre from the Jomon period strata. Perhaps this means that people of this era knew how to survive without war. I think it is certain that it is an era where there is much to know for modern people who also live while using the resources of the earth.


Aiming to be registered as a World Cultural Heritage Site in 2021


The area where you can understand the Jomon culture all in one go is the “-JOMON JAPAN- jomon Prehistoric Sites in Northern Japan”, which aims to be registered as a World Cultural Heritage site in 2021.
In these areas, start from the Odai Yamamoto Site, where the oldest piece of earthenware came out, and the Sannai Maruyama site, which represents the Jomon period, stone circles, shell mounds, and other, there is abundantly elements that tell the story of life and the spiritual world of this period.

Standing at Cape Shirakami, Matsumae Town, the southernmost tip of Hokkaido, you can see the Tsugaru Peninsula on the opposite bank better than you think.


In addition, a cultural area was established across the Tsugaru Straits in the north Tohoku region and southern Hokkaido, and people and goods were normally coming and going.In these areas, tubular elongated cylindrical earthenware is prominently excavated.It looks like a quiver and is shaped to be convenient for storage and transportation.The base village that played a central role in the cylindrical pottery culture is the Sannai-Maruyama Site in Aomori Prefecture, which was the setting for this shooting.


The power of songs and festivals in the Sannai Maruyama Site


The Sannai Maruyama site is known as a large settlement site where chestnuts, the staple food, are cultivated and trade is active. One of its characteristics is its scale. The traces of people living for about 1700 years from 5900 years ago to 4200 years ago are as many as 500 pit building traces, and when converted to one time, it was a large unevenness with 30 to 50 houses lined up at most. Therefore, Sannai Maruyama is sometimes called “Jomon City”, but if most of the building traces excavated at Jomon archaeological sites in various parts of Japan are about 3 to 5, it is certainly a scale that makes you want to call it “City”.

Six pillars and a large excavated pillar building restored at the Sannai-Maruyama site, which can be said to be a landmark. You can see the mountain range of Mt. Hakkoda from between the six pillars.


About 40,000 boxes of earthenware and other living tools have been excavated from the Sannai Maruyama site, but what you should pay attention to is the 420m-long road trace that was laid by carving out the ground. About 40,000 boxes of earthenware and other living tools have been excavated from the Sannai Maruyama site, but what you should pay attention to is the 420m-long road trace that was laid by carving out the ground. There was a place where clay was pasted to prepare the road surface, and it seems that civil engineering work was being carried out firmly. In addition, several adult tombs have been found along the road, and it is known that people were coming and going while watching over the buried ancestors.

The huge hole in the ground is the trace of the actual six pillars. The actual decayed pillars can be seen at the Sanmaru Museum in Jiyukan.


And the existence of the six pillars that made the Sannai Maruyama site famous. A pillar trace of chestnut wood with a diameter of about 1 m was discovered, and the six turret-shaped pillars restored to an estimated height of 15 m from the weight of the pillar trace greatly overturned the impression of the Jomon period.
The six pillars, which have been restored to the point of “How did you build them in an era without machines?”, are very impressive. The six pillars, which have been restored to the point of “How did you build them in an era without machines?”, Are very impressive. But it’s still early to be surprised. There is evidence that the six pillars have been rebuilt several times in the past, and there are times when there were eight. In addition, a large pit building has been restored adjacent to the six pillars, but it is said that there are traces of rebuilding about 10 times. Given the human energy to accomplish these, one would imagine that there was a very centripetal society here.

A cross-shaped plate-shaped clay figurine that is easy to carry. Many have humorous faces.


I once spoke with Shuzo Koyama, an archaeologist and cultural anthropologist who supervised the restoration of the Sannai Maruyama site. At that time, Mr. Koyama noticed that a large number of small clay figurines in the shape of plates appeared from the Sannai Maruyama site, and talked about the possibility of “votive gifts”. Votive gifts are brought to this place to dedicate, and just as there is a custom of dedicating votive tablets to shrines, people in the Jomon period visited Sannai Maruyama Mura with a plate-shaped clay figurine and came here with a wish.
If the Sannai Maruyama site was a sacred place visited by pilgrims during the Jomon period, it is understandable that the tombs are lined up along the road.

長野県諏訪地方で数え年の7年ごとに行われる祭り。曳航の際に「奥山の大木 里に下りて 神となる」とうたわれるように、山から切り出したもみの大木を引きまわし、諏訪大社本殿の四隅に立てるまでを祭りとして摂り行っている。この諏訪地方から新潟に至る地域には縄文時代中期の遺跡が多く出土している。
A festival held every seven years in the Suwa region of Nagano prefecture. At the time of towing, a large tree of fir cut out from the mountain is pulled around and stood at the four corners of the main shrine of Suwa Taisha Shrine, as if it were said to “Big tree in Okuyamago down to a village and become a god.” Many archaeological sites from the middle Jomon period have been excavated in the area from the Suwa region to Niigata.


Mr. Koyama also talked about how the six pillars were built. “Isn’t it possible if we make it a” festival “like the Onbashira festival that is handed down in the Suwa region?”
The Suwa Onbashira Festival takes about two months to cut a tree from the mountain, pull it to the village, and stand it up. I have participated in this festival, which is held every seven years in counting years, twice in the past, and when I pulled the reins to the woodworking song with a unique tune, the pillars weighed about 10 tons. I was impressed by the movement. At that time, I realized that people can unite their hearts and unite with their voices. Songs and festivals bring unexpected power to humans. That power is much greater than we think.

ちなみに、今回三内丸山遺跡でライブを行なったRABIRABIは、ボーカルと打楽器によるダンスミュージックバンドで、その音楽性から「縄文トランスバンド」と呼ばれている。過去に三内丸山遺跡で開催された野外音楽フェスティバルのFeel the Rootsでも何度か出演しているため、三内丸山遺跡との相性はすこぶるよいはずだ。

By the way, RABIRABI, who performed live at the Sannai Maruyama site this time, is a dance music band with vocals and percussion instruments, and is called “Jomon trance band” because of its musicality. They have appeared several times at Feel the Roots, an outdoor music festival held at the Sannai Maruyama Site in the past, so it should be a great match with the Sannai Maruyama Site.
It is unique to RABIRABI that you can feel the “voice” before becoming a “song” and the “sound” before becoming a “music”. There is no doubt that this video will be a sound experience that traces the roots of music, with the environment of the Sannai Maruyama Site where ancient memories sleep.

著:草刈 朋子 / 写真:廣川 慶明
Text : Tomoko Kusakari / Photo : Yoshiaki Hirokawa



In charge of writing for the Jomon exploration unit “Nawa To Yajiri”.Born in Hokkaido. After working as a copywriter and editing magazines and books, became independent as a freelance editor and writer. Since 2009, she has participated in the NPO jomonism, involved in the planning and production of Jomon-related events, and wrote on the theme of Jomon. Formed “Nawa To Yajiri” with photographer Yoshiaki Hirokawa, and while visiting archaeological sites and archaeological sites nationwide, they are exploring the shapes of Jomon and prehistoric values that can be understood from the environment.